Great Significance of Irrigation.
Irrigation involves controlling water that is used in plants during different time intervals and is used to maintaining landscape. So as to prevent soil consolidation irrigation is used in order to increase and improve the growth of agricultural crops. Supplying of water to all crops in a uniform way is done by irrigation without exceeding or limiting any flow of water. Different impacts of irrigation affects the environment and these impacts are used in order to minimize the bad results which affects the progress of the environment.
Irrigation is applied mostly during dry seasons when there are no rains in different region across the country. In any growing agriculture crop irrigation plays a vital role and therefore one should know which type of irrigation to use so as to become a successful farmer. There are several methods that are used in irrigation and they depend with the amount of water that is supplied to the plants.
Sprinkler irrigation is one of the method which uses sprinklers to spray water like rain in form of drops. Devices such as spray and sprinkling are used in this type of irrigation and they may be installed permanently in a place where it is solid or set in a temporarily place. The devices are moved in a portable set or moved in an intermittent mechanical move after a certain amount of water has been applied to the crop.
In order to ensure a continuous travel of water across the land surface, these devices are set in such a way that they can be mounted on booms and pipelines. This type of irrigation is adapted when there are shallow soil texture and in case there are uneven topography. In areas where there is high density and the crops are closely cultivated sprinkler irrigation should be adapted.
Depending with the depth of the water table, subsurface irrigation which is another method of irrigation will be applied below the soil surface. Trip or trickle are some of the devices which are used in subsurface irrigation and in case the water table is below the surface these devices are buried below the soil surface.
Drip or trickle irrigation is another method of irrigation and it is applied through emitters which are inserted in the soil surface through the use of small of drops and streams. This type of method is applied in all type of soil since the discharge rate of the emitters is very low. This type of method is adapted in areas where you want to control the amount of water and the intervals that is applied to plant root zone.